The 10 Best Smallest Countries In The World

With over 200 countries in the world, it’s easy to think the word "country" equates to a massive land area with large numbers of people. Some nations are so small that cities within other nations are giants compared to them. Mostly found in Europe, the Carribean, and the Pacific, there are many countries in the world with an area of less than 400 square kilometers. Let's take a look at the Top 10 smallest countries in the world today.

1. Vatican City – 0.2 square miles

Adrian Red

The size of a golf course, the Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. It's basically a walled enclave inside of Rome, Italy. It's so small that the entire country does not have a single street address.

2. Tuvalu – 9 square miles

flickr.com

Tuvalu [[wiki](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuvalu)] is basically a chain of low-lying coral islands, with its highest elevation being 16 feet or 5 meters above seal level. With total land area of just 9 square miles, Tuvalu is not only a teeny tiny island in the Pacific Ocean, it may not even exist in the next 50 years if sea level continue to rise.

3. Monaco – 0.7 square miles

wonderous-world.com

Monaco is the second smallest country on Earth (it's roughly the size of New York's Central Park), yet it's the most densely populated (23,660 people per km²). Actually, Monaco used to be much smaller than it is now - about 100 acres were reclaimed from the sea and added to its land size. At the narrowest, Monaco is only 382 yards wide!

4. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 104 square miles

WilliamTorrillo

This Caribbean country of 39,000 gained independence in 1983. Nevis is the smaller island of the two and is guaranteed the right to secede.

5. San Marino – 24 square miles

Víctor Campano

With the formal name of The Most Serene Republic of San Marino it's not surprising that San Marino has got lots of charms. Founded in AD 301 by a Christian stonecutter named (what else) Marino (or Marinus, depending on who you ask), who along with a small group of Christians, was seeking escape from religious persecution, San Marino is the world's oldest republic.

6. Liechtenstein – 62 square miles

Anastasia Smanyuk

This microstate of 34,000 is located on the Rhine River between Switzerland and Austria in the Alps.

7. Nauru – 8.5 square miles

eulogyfortheliving.blogspot.be

Nauru is the world's smallest island nation, the smallest independent republic, and the only republic in the world without an official capital. Nauru only has one significant source of income: phosphates from thousands of years' worth of guano or bird droppings.

8. Maldives – 115 square miles

ytravelblog.com

Only 200 of the 2000 Indian Ocean islands which make up this country are occupied by 340,000 residents. The islands gained independence from the U.K. in 1965.

9. Marshall Islands – 70 square miles

Scott Marx

The atolls (including the world’s largest, Kwajalein), reefs, and 34 islands (population 58,000) gained independence in 1986; they were formerly part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (and administered by the United States).

10. Seychelles – 107 square miles

vacationidea.com

The 81,000 residents of this Indian Ocean island group have been independent of the United Kingdom since 1976.